Inside the Healthcare Industry: Branches of Medical Practices


The health sector plays a significant role in our society, especially with the ongoing health crisis. Throughout this pandemic, these professionals are our modern-day heroes, as they are the ones on the front lines. Many healthcare workers have been under enormous stress due to the pandemic, bringing their physical, emotional, and psychological well-being in jeopardy.

Without endurance from the health sector, our global economy will continue to face a tremendous slump. Medical organizations and executives must pay greater attention to the challenges the front-line workforce has been battling for years.

Medical Triage

When going to any health facility, there is this protocol called triage. It is a method where medical providers identify the severity of your condition. Instead of giving treatment to people one by one when they arrive, following a triage is the most effective approach available.

So what happens after a triage? The healthcare industry is as vast and complex as the human body. Each of these disciplines and fields of expertise has professional specializations to meet the requirements of a specific area of care.

Emergency Medicine

As the name implies, emergency medicine deals with emergencies. After patients go into triage, they will immediately endorse patients with critical conditions. The ER doctors will rush through the treatment will make all the necessary calls to lengthen the life of the patients.

By all means, they are one of the busiest because their work is to preserve the life of the people. They are well-trained not to make any mistakes because life is on the line. After they stabilize the patient and out of the near-death situations, they will endorse it to the respective departments that will manage the patient.

Internal Medicine

Internal medicine comprises almost all the subspecialties that focus on bodily functions. These include cardiology, pulmonology, endocrinology, and many others. Amongst other branches, they are the ones that have the most patients. Most of the time, patients from emergency medicine will be under internal medicine after stabilizing.


The surgery department includes healthcare professionals that are knowledgeable in hands-on practice. They are the ones who operate on patients with conditions that require in-depth medical intervention. The most common surgical procedures include accidental fractures or any injuries that affect a person’s physiological function.

Surgery is known to be the most technical in terms of facilitating patient care. They work hand in hand with emergency medicine, especially if specialized support is necessary to save a patient’s life.


A medical professional that is always present in operations and medical procedures is an anesthesiologist. They give anesthesia for the patient to lose consciousness, which is necessary to refrain from experiencing pain during the surgical treatment. They are also the ones that are in charge when patients need some form of relief from unbearable pain.

at the doctors


These are medical professionals who deal with children from early childhood to adolescence. These pediatricians have a vast knowledge of a child’s body, allowing them to work on diagnosing and treating medical concerns. Since children have different needs than that of an adult, there is also a difference in intervention.

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Female reproductive organs are often complicated, so a specific branch of medicine is necessary. This category is known as obstetrics and gynecology. During pregnancy, an obstetrician is the one that handles and gives essential procedures for childbirth. They are the ones who are in charge of delivering the newborn. After which, they hand the responsibility over to the pediatrics department.

Legal Medicine

This department focuses on the legalities that demand medical knowledge as a part of the evidence. Legal medicine is a crucial factor in resolving medical-related court cases. On the other hand, it is also helpful in resolving healthcare disputes.

In negotiations that involve judicial arbitration and mediation services, a medico-legal officer will provide pieces of medical evidence. From there, resolution of conflicts will follow. This department is also responsible for performing the process of an autopsy.


Ophthalmologists are doctors that are dealing with eye problems or anything related to eye diseases or eye injuries. Since the eyes are one of the most delicate parts of our body, surgeries involving them often require lenses or a microscope. Another basic need in ophthalmology is a pair of steady hands.


Dermatologists are famous specialists often associated with celebrities and beauty products. Technically they are the doctors of our skin. Making the skin glow and maintaining it free from diseases is what dermatologists do.

Today, medical teams are asking us for cooperation during this pandemic. In as simple as following health protocols, we can lessen the burden on their shoulders. It’s not about showing pity but rather support in the ongoing battle of this pandemic.

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